A massively abridged English translation has appeared as The Rudolf Report, London: Cromwell, 1993.
A version in German, apparently from 1997, is available online at http://www.vho.org/D/rga/rga.html.
|"...because of the design and fabrication of these facilities,
they could not have been utilized for execution gas chambers."|
Bradley R. Smith's CODOH
"May The Leuchter Report help to free, not only the Western
world, but the entire literate world from the chains of an oppressive
illusion -- the lie of the Hitler gas chambers."
"It is scientifically impossible to have used so-called
'gassing facilities' as described by many 'Holocaust survivors' and as
explained to tourists, since science cannot be suspended - not
even for the 'Nazis'..."
"American execution expert, Fred Leuchter, delivered a
scientific breakthrough in proving that the so-called gas
chambers at Auschwitz could not have been used for their alleged
"The Rudolf Report, authored by industrial chemist Germar Rudolf,
formerly of the Stuttgart Max Planck Institute, proves the
impossibility of homicidal gassings at Auschwitz-Birkenau. Rudolf's
work has not been refuted."
"THERE WERE NO 'GAS CHAMBERS' AT AUSCHWITZ. THIS HAS BEEN
PROVEN BY SCIENTIFIC EXAMINATION."
"...check up on Dr. Roth's testimony [James Roth analyzed
Leuchter's cyanide traces] and then forever hold your peace. Or
else, come up with scientific proof that what we say is wrong."
"This answer comes from Germar Rudolf, a German scientist born after
the war, now forced into political exile because he claimed that
science does not lie. Rudolf is as fine a scientist as Europe
Concentration of species X in ppm = 106*(volume of species X alone)/(volume of air)
Holocaust denier "David Thomas" has informed Dr. Green that Degesch defines in their publications that they mean ppm as parts per million by mass (a convention brought over from the liquid phase). In the case of HCN, the point is moot. HCN has a molecular mass of 27 versus the atmosphere's roughly 28.8. Thus their densities are nearly equal at the same temperature and one may be loose about switching between the two conventions. Nevertheless, we denote parts per million by volume as ppmv for clarity.
Given that Zyklon B came in 200 g, 500 g, 1 kg, and 1.5 kg canisters, arguably "one of the smallest cans" would have been a 500 g can of Zyklon B. That would mean that in Krema II either 1.5 or 2.0 kg of Zyklon B (depending on whether or not one or both gas chambers of L.Keller 1 were used) would have been poured in. Since L.Keller 1 had a volume of about 500 cu m, that would mean a HCN concentration of about 3-4 g cu m. (Cf. Pressac, Technique, op. cit., pp. 16-17, 21, 494)
"One of the main requirements for driving or evaporating the hydrogen cyanide gas out of the Zyklon B is excessive temperature. You have to heat it in order to get this to happen. It has to be heated above 78 or 79 degrees Fahrenheit."
If the temperature is well below 78°, said Leuchter, the gas will be released very slowly.
(Lenski, Robert, The Holocaust on Trial: The Case of Ernst Zundel, 1990, p. 375.)
The door would be screwed shut and the waiting disinfection squads would immediately pour the gas [crystals] into the vents in the ceiling of the gas chamber down an air shaft which went to the floor. This ensured the rapid distribution of the gas. The process could be observed through the peep hole in the door. Those who were standing next to the air shaft were killed immediately. I can state that about one-third died immediately. The remainder staggered about and began to scream and struggle for air. The screaming, however, soon changed to gasping and in a few moments everyone lay still. After twenty minutes at the most no movement could be detected. The time required for the gas to take effect varied according to weather conditions and depended on whether it was damp or dry, cold or warm. It also depended on on the quality of the gas, which was never exactly the same, and on the composition of the transports, which might contain a high proportion of healthy Jews, or the old and sick, or children. The victims became unconscious after a few minutes, according to the distance from the air shaft. Those who screamed and those who were old, sick, or weak, or the small children died quicker than those who were healthy or young.
I grabbed my instrument case, which was always ready, and dashed to the gas chamber. Against the wall, near the entrance to the immense room, half covered with other bodies, I saw a girl in the throes of a death-rattle, her body seized with convulsions. The gas kommando men around me were in a state of panic. Nothing like this had ever happened in the course of their horrible career. [...]
I calmly related [to SS Sergeant Mussfeld] the terrible case we found ourselves confronted with. I described for his benefit what pains the child must have suffered in the undressing room, and the horrible scenes that preceded death in the gas chamber. When the room had been plunged into darkness, she had breathed in a few lungfuls of cyclon gas. Only a few, though, for her fragile body had given way under the pushing and shoving of the mass as they fought against death. By chance she had fallen with her face against the wet concrete floor. That bit of humidity had kept her from being asphyxiated, for cyclon gas does not react under humid conditions. These were my arguments, and I asked him to do something for the child. [...]
"There's no way of getting round it," he said, "the child will have to die."
Half an hour later the young girl was led, or rather carried, into the furnace hallway, and there Mussfeld sent another in his place to do the job. A bullet in the back of the neck.
In practice, as opposed to theory, "mass gassings" require huge amounts of poison, because the air acts as a dilutant and filter. The liquid must evaporate and fill the entire chamber to an extremely high concentration, which takes time. To kill 2000 people in 2 minutes would probably require a ton of pure cyanide.
In mid-March , Bischoff received new calculations from Schultz. After reviewing the original numbers, he had decided that it was better to increase the total capacity of the ventilation system of the new crematorium, now to be built at Birkenau, from 32,600 cu m of air an hour to 45,000 an hour. The room most affected by this was the B. Keller, which was to receive a system capable of aerating and deaerating 8,000 instead of 4,800 cu m an hour, that is, a 66-percent increase. Bischoff accepted Schultze's new proposal on April 2. He asked Topf to bring the designation on the firm's blueprints into line with the ones drawn up in the camp. 70 This meant that B. Keller became L. Keller 1 and L. Keller became L. Keller 2. The Topf design was modified accordingly and returned to Auschwitz on May 8. 71
70. Moscow [Central State Special Archives of Russia], 502-1-312, letter Bauleitung April 2, 1942; Oswiecim, BW 11/1, 12.
71. Moscow, 502-1-312, letter Topf May 8, 1942.
Mattogno misrepresents planned ventilation capacity that was at one point planned as if it were real:
Consequently, for the supposed homicidal gas chamber, the SS had foreseen 4,800 ÷ 506 = 9.48 air exchanges per hour, while in the supposed changing room 10,000 ÷ 902.7 = 11 air exchanges per hour: thus the gas chamber was less ventilated than the changing room!
However, he is at least honest enough to point out (two pages earlier) that a larger capacity ended up being used:
Pressac states that Leichenkeller 1 of Crematories II and III was actually equipped with ventilators with a capacity of 8000 m3/h of air (p. 74 and 118), and even mentions the invoice of the ventilation system for Crematory III: invoice No. 729 of 27 March 1943 (p. 105, note 184).
In a few minutes, five at the very most, depending on the humidity of the air and the ambient temperature, all the victims were dead. [...] The air extraction system was then switched on for at least 20 to 30 minutes, for there was a great deal of poisoned air still in the chamber, the amount absorbed by the victims being minimal. The gas-tight door was then unbolted and opened, and the work of extracting the corpses began immediately....
Ibid, p. 475:
Twenty minutes after the introduction of the gas the extraction fans were switched on and then the door was opened afterwards....
Figure 9 indicates the required separations and clearances for intake and exhaust vent openings. Vents should be at least 1 m from any corner of the building to minimize wind effects. Intakes should be at least 450 mm and exhaust vents at least 200 mm above the ground to avoid snow blockage and contamination by ground care products such as herbicides. Intakes and exhaust vents should be separated vertically or horizontally by at least 1800 mm to minimize the potential for cross contamination.
Dragon also mentions donning a gas mask for work at the (also unventilated) crematorium V, in Kogon et al., Nazi Mass Murder, 1993, p. 167.
It is also noteworthy that the allegedly lethal skin absorption factor is totally ignored when Rudolf calculates the quantity of Zyklon needed to murder the victims. If he really believed it to be an important factor (and if he were honest), he would take it into account in both situations. But it is only when he wants to show that the Sonderkommando would also be killed that he speaks of the "possibly deadly" results:
Poisoning through the sweat-soaked skin would only be prevented if the laborers in the 'gas chambers' had worked with protective clothing [...] It should not be forgotten here that prussic acid is a contact poison. The transporting of corpses, on whose damp skin large, possibly deadly quantities of prussic acid are absorbed, would have required that the Sonderkommando handling the corpses wear protective clothing.
Eine Vergiftung durch die schweißnasse Haut schließlich wäre nur dann zu verhindern gewesen, wenn die Arbeiter in den 'Gaskammern' unter diesen Bedingungen mit Schutzanzug gearbeitet hätten, ... Nicht vergessen werden soll hier, daß Blausäure ein Kontaktgift ist. Das Transportieren von Leichen, auf deren feuchter Haut große, eventuell tödlich wirkende Blausäure-Mengen absorbiert sind, hätte bei den mit den Leichen hantierenden Sonderkommandos das Tragen von Schutzkleidung erfordert.