FRENCH CHILDREN OF THE HOLOCAUST

A memorial
Serge Klarsfeld  

 
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OFFICIALS RESPONSIBLE FOR
ANTI-JEWISH ACTS IN FRANCE


German Authorities

Higher SS and German Police Commanders

Heinrich HIMMLER: State Leader (Reichsführer) of the SS and all of its organizations, including the SiPo-SD and Gestapo; Interior Minister and, after Hitler, the most powerful man in Germany from 1943 to the end of 1944. Chief of the Nazi concentration camp system and of the plan for the Final Solution of the Jewish question. Born in 1900; captured and committed suicide in 1945 before he could be tried.

Karl OBERG: Head of the SS in France (SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei). Born in 1897; condemned to death in France in 1954; sentence commuted in 1958; freed in 1962; died in 1965.

Herbert HAGEN: Oberg's personal aide (SS-Sturmbannführer). Born in 1913; not tried until 1979; sentenced to 12 years in prison in Cologne, Germany in 1980.

Adolf EICHMANN: Head of the Jewish Affairs office at Gestapo headquarters in Berlin (SS Obersturmbannführer), considered one of the main forces behind the murders of Europe's Jews. Born in 1906; captured in Argentina by Israeli agents, tried in Jerusalem and hanged June 1, 1962.


Security Police (Sicherheitspolizei und Sicherheitsdienst (SiPo-SD)
Officials at the National Level in France
Helmut KNOCHEN: Head of Security Police in France (SS-Standartenführer). Born in 1910; condemned to death in France in 1954; pardoned in 1958; freed in 1962.

Kurt LISCHKA: Knochen's deputy and SiPo-SD chief for Paris (SS-Obersturmbannführer). Born in 1909; sentenced to 10-year prison term in Cologne in 1980; died in 1989.

The Jewish Affairs Service of the Gestapo
Theodor DANNECKER: Chief of the Jewish Affairs Service in France from 1940 to August, 1942 (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1913; committed suicide in an American prison at Bad-Tölz in December 1945.

Heinz ROTHKE: Dannecker's successor, August 1942 to August 1944 (SS-Obersturmführer). Born in 1912; condemned to death in absentia in France in 1954; lawyer in Wolfsburg, Germany; died in 1966.

Ernst HEINRICHSOHN: Aide to Dannecker and Rothke until December 1942 (SS-Untersturmführer). Born in 1920; sentenced to six-year prison term in Cologne in 1980, when he was a lawyer and the mayor of Burgstadt, Germany; died in 1992.

Horst AHNERT: Aide to Dannecker and Rothke, 1942; head of the Gestapo's Jewish Affairs Service in Paris (SS-Untersturmführer). Born in 1909; disappeared in 1945.
   
   

FRENCH CHILDREN OF THE HOLOCAUST

A memorial
Serge Klarsfeld

 
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