RESPONSIBLE FOR ANTI-JEWISH ACTS IN FRANCE
Aloïs BRUNNER: Head of a special
commando sent by Eichmann in May, 1943 to help Rothke arrest Jews; Commandant
of Drancy (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1912; condemned to death in
absentia in France in 1956; given refuge by Syria, which has ignored
extradition requests by Germany (1984) and France (1989).
SiPo-SD officials cited in this volume
Klaus BARBIE: Chief of the
Gestapo in Lyon, 1943-44 (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1913; employed
by U.S. occupation authorities after the war, then smuggled to South America;
discovered in Peru in 1971; extradited from Bolivia to France in 1983; tried in
Lyons and condemned in 1987 to life in prison, where he died a few years
Hans-Dietrich ERNST: Head of the SiPo-SD in Angers, 1942-44
(SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1908; condemned to death in absentia
four times by French courts; died while under indictment in Germany in the
Herbert HAGEN: Head of the SiPo-SD in Bordeaux, 1940-1942
(see Higher SS Commanders).
German Embassy in Paris
Otto ABETZ: German ambassador to Paris.
Born in 1903; sentenced to 20 years in prison in Paris in 1949; freed in
1954; died in 1958.
Ernst ACHENBACH: Chief of the Embassy's
Political Section with jurisdiction for Jewish affairs. Born in 1909; member
of the West German Bundestag after the war; died in 1991.
ZEITSCHEL: Expert on Jewish affairs in the Political Section. Born in 1893;
died in the bombing of Berlin in 1945.
Command in France
Otto von STULPNAGEL, Military commander in
France until April 1942 (General). (Succeeded as commander by his cousin,
General Karl Heinrich von Stulpnagel.) Committed suicide in prison in Paris
Werner BEST: Head of the military administration staff.
Died while under indictment in Germany in the late 1980s.
BLANKE: Head of the Jewish affairs section in the economics department.
Became mayor of the city of Celle in Lower Saxony, West Germany.
Marshal (Henri) Philippe PETAIN: Chief of
State of Vichy France. Born in 1856; condemned to death in 1945, sentence
commuted to life imprisonment by Charles De Gaulle; died in custody in 1951.
Admiral François DARLAN: Vichy Prime Minister, February 1941
to April 1942. Assassinated in 1943 in Algeria.