|| arrondissement, one of the 20
districts of Paris.
| Centre de Documentation Juive
Contemporaine (Contemporary Jewish Documentation Center), created in 1943;
located in Paris.
||Conseil Répresentatif des
Juifs de France (Representative Council of the Jews of France), formed in
January 1944 to give diverse Jewish organizations a voice in setting policies
and priorities for Jewish self-defense; since then the political organization
of the French Jewish community.
||Eclaireurs Israélites de
France (Jewish Boy Scouts of France).
||Les Fils et Filles des
Déportés Juifs de France (The Sons and Daughters of the Jews
Deported from France).
(Secret State Police). Given extraordinary powers under the SS in 1933, the
Gestapo was charged with pursuing enemies of the Nazi state. After 1941,
Gestapo Section IV B 4, commanded by Adolf Eichmann, became the main instrument
for organizing the deportation and extermination of the Jews.
||A uniformed paramilitary force
serving as Vichy's political police.
||Photo archive: Mémoires
juives - Patrimoine photographique (Paris).
|Occupied Zone (Northern Zone)
||The part of France occupied by
Germany after June 1940. Sometimes referred to as the Northern Zone after
November 11, 1942.
||A Jewish organization for promoting
vocational and agricultural training. Started in Russia in 1880, before WWII it
had training programs throughout Europe and in Palestine.
||OEuvre de Secours aux
Enfants (Children's Welfare Organization), a Jewish organization.
(Reich Security Main Office), the structure under which Nazi Party police
and German state security police systems were joined in 1939.
Sicherheitsdienst (Security Police and Security Service). Separate state
organizations until their 1939 merger into the RSHA, SiPo was the police arm
and SD the intelligence service; the Gestapo was a SiPo division.
Squad). Formed as Hitler's personal guard force in 1923, the SS became
Germany's most powerful police and terror organization. By World War II it
controlled the police divisions, the concentration camps, 35 military
divisions, and a huge industrial empire.
||Union Générale des
Israélites de France (General Union of the Jews of France), a Jewish
council of all non-religious Jewish organizations, created under orders from
Vichy in late 1941 (the Judenrat of France).
|Unoccupied Zone (Vichy Zone;
||The part of France controlled by
agreement with the Germans, by the collaborationist French government. Also
known as the Vichy Zone, because the French government was located in the town
of Vichy, or the Southern Zone after November 11, 1942.
(Winter Cycling Stadium). The Paris indoor sports arena where four thousand
children with their mothers and fathers, rounded up July 16 and 17, 1942, were
held for days without adequate facilities, before being sent to camps in the
Occupied Zone and deported to the East.