Gustav Simon


Could someone tell me what became the "Gauleiter" Gustav Simon(Gau Moselland) at the end of de 2nd world war?

Thank you for your kindness

Andrew Mathis answers:

I am one of the volunteers who answers questions for the Holocaust History Project.

Simon was hanged after the war. Unfortunately, I am unable to determine at this point if he was sentenced as a war criminal at Nuremberg (doubtful) or whether his sentence was handed down by the Grand Duchy (more likely). I shall endeavor to do more thorough research and follow up this information with more data. Incidentally, my great-uncle was severely wounded defending Luxembourg at the Battle of the Bulge, but he survived.

For further information on the Nazi occupation of Luxembourg, please visit this URL:

Andrew E. Mathis, Ph.D.

Harry Mazal OBE answers:

Two of my colleagues previously answered this question but I would like to make a few slight corrections.


The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich
translated from:
Das Grosse Lexikon des Dritten Reiches
c. 1991, Macmillan Publishing Company (New York)
ISBN 0-02-897500-6 (Set)

Vol. II, p. 875:

"Simon, Gustav, b. Saarbrücken, August 2. 1900; d. Koblenz, April 1945. German politician. A teacher of commercial subjects, Simon joined the NSDAP in 1925. He became the full-time *Besirksleiter* (district leader) of the party in Trier-Birkenfeld in 1928, then of Koblenz-Trier in 1929. He was elected to the Reichstag in 1930 and was named Gauleiter in Koblenz- Trier-Birkenfeld in 1931 (renamed Gau Moselland in 1942). In 1940 he took over the civil administration of Luxembourg and was a Reich defense commissioner as of 1942. At the end of the war he took his own life."

Yours sincerely,

Harry W. Mazal OBE

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