7 Dec. 45

"Top secret, Operation Order-'Hartmut.' Occupation of Denmark and Norway.

"This order comes into force on the code word Hartmut. With its coming into force the orders hitherto valid for the boats taking part lose their validity.

"The day and hour are designated as Weser-Day and Weser-Hour, and the whole operation, is known as Weser Exercise.

"The operation ordered by the code word has as its objective the rapid surprise landing of troops in Norway. Simultaneously Denmark will be occupied from the Baltic and from the land side."
And there is at the end of that paragraph another contribution by Dönitz to this process of deception:

"The naval force will, as they enter the harbor, fly the British flag until the troops have landed except, presumably, at Narvik."
The Tribunal now knows as a matter of history that on the 9th of April 1940 the Nazi onslaught on the unsuspecting and almost unarmed people of Norway and Denmark was launched. When the invasions had already begun a German memorandum was handed to the Governments of Norway and Denmark attempting to justify the German action; and I would like to draw the Court's attention to Document TC-55, Exhibit GB-92. That is at the beginning of the book of documents — the sixth document of the book. I am not proposing to read the whole of that memorandum; I have no doubt the defending counsel will deal with any parts which they consider relevant to the defense. The Court will observe that it is alleged that England and France were guilty in their maritime warfare of breaches of international law and that Britain and France were making plans themselves to invade and occupy Norway and that the Government of Norway was prepared to acquiesce in such a situation.

The memorandum states — and I would now draw the Court's attention to Page 3 of the memorandum to the paragraph just below the middle — of the page beginning "The German Troops":

"The German troops, therefore, do not set foot on Norwegian soil as enemies. The German High Command does not intend to make use of the points occupied by German troops as bases for operations against England as long as it is not forced to do so by measures taken by England and France; German military operations aim much more exclusively at protecting the north against proposed occupation of Norwegian strong points by English-French forces."
In connection with that statement I would remind the Court that in his operation order of the lst of March Hitler had then