10 Dec. 45

"Commander-in-Chief, Army, requests that he no longer have to assign 5 control divisions for this; but might hold them ready as reserves for commander in the West.

"Führer 'When Barbarossa commences the world will hold its breath and make no comment.'"
This much, I believe, when read with the conference conclusions, which I shall read in a moment, is sufficient to show that the Army as well as the Navy regarded Barbarossa as an action directive and were far along with their preparations even as early as February 1941 — almost 5 months prior to 22 June, the date the attack was actually launched. The conference report summarized the conclusions of the conference, insofar as they affected Barbarossa, as follows; I am now reading from Page 6 of the English translation, which is on Page 7 of the German:


"1. Barbarossa.

"a. The Führer on the whole is in agreement with the operational plan. When it is being carried out it must be remembered that the main aim is to gain possession of the Baltic States and Leningrad.

"b. The Führer desires that the operation map and the plan of the deployment of forces be sent to him as soon as possible.

"c. Agreements with neighboring states who are taking part may not be concluded until there is no longer any necessity for camouflage. The exception is Romania with regard to reinforcing the Moldau.

"d. It must, in any case, be possible to carry out Attila. (With the means available.)

"e. The concentration for Barbarossa will be carried out as a feint for Sea Lion and the subsidiary measure Marita."
On 13th March 1941 the Defendant Keitel signed an operational directive to Führer Order Number 21, which was issued in the form of "Directives for Special Areas." This detailed operational order is Number 447-PS in our numbered series, and I now offer it in evidence as Exhibit USA-135.

This order which was issued more than 3 months in advance of the attack indicates how complete were the plans on practically every phase of the operation. Section I of the directive is headed, "Area of Operations and Executive Power," and outlines who was to be in control of what and where. It states that while the campaign is in progress in territory through which the Army is advancing, the Supreme Commander of the Army has the executive power. During this period, however, the Reichsführer SS is