13 Dec. 45

"Order of Protective Custody.

"Based on Article 1 of the Decree of the Reich President for the Protection of People and State of 28 February 1933 (Reichsgesetzblatt I, Page 83), you are taken into protective custody in the interest of public security and order.

"Reason: Suspicion of activities inimical toward the State."
The Defendant Göring in a book entitled Aufbau einer Nation, published in 1934, sought to give the impression, it appears, that the camps were originally directed at those whom the Nazis considered Communists and Social Democrats. We refer to Document 2324-PS, Exhibit USA-233. This document is an excerpt from Page 89 of the German book. We refer to the third and fourth paragraphs of the document, which I read as follows:

"We had to deal ruthlessly with these enemies of the State. It must not be forgotten that at the moment of our of power, over 6 million people officially voted for communism. and about 8 million for Marxism in the Reichstag elections in March.

"Thus the concentration camps were created to which we had to send first thousands of functionaries of the Communist and Social Democratic Parties."
In practical operation the power to order confinement in these camps was almost without limit. The Defendant Frick, in an order which he issued on the 25th day of January 1938 as Minister of the Interior, made this quite clear. An extract from this order is set forth in Document 1723-PS, to which we make reference. It bears Exhibit Number USA-206. I wish to read Article 1, beginning at the bottom of Page 5 of the English translation of this order:

"Protective custody can be decreed as a coercive measure of the Secret State Police to counter all hostile efforts of persons who endanger the existence and security of the people and the State through their attitude."
I wish also to read into the record the first two paragraphs of that order, which are found at the top of Page 1 of the English translation:

"In a summary of all the previously issued decrees on the co-operation between the Party and the Gestapo I refer to the following and ordain:

"1. To the Gestapo has been entrusted the mission by the Führer to watch over and to eliminate all enemies of the Party and the National State, as well as all disintegrating forces of all kinds directed against both. The successful solution of this mission forms one of the most essential prerequisites for the unhampered and frictionless work of the