2 Jan. 46

"If a transport consisted of too many 'K' prisoners, instead of losing time for the 'measurement' they were exterminated by gas sent into the shower room instead of water."
I now pass to another subject, namely: "The Gestapo was responsible for establishing and classifying concentration camps and for committing racial and political undesirables to concentration and annihilation camps for slave labor and mass murder."

The Tribunal has already received evidence concerning the responsibility of the Gestapo for the administration of concentration camps and the authority of the Gestapo for taking persons into protective custody to be carried out in the State concentration camps. The Gestapo also issued orders establishing concentration camps, transforming prisoner-of-war camps into concentration camps as internment camps, changing labor camps into concentration camps, setting up special sections for female prisoners, and so forth.

The Chief of the Security Police and SD ordered the classification of concentration camps according to the seriousness of the accusation and the chances for reforming the prisoners, from the Nazi viewpoint. I now refer to Documents 1063(a)-PS and 1063(b)-PS in the second volume, Exhibit Number USA-492. The concentration camps were classified as Class I, II, or III. Class I was for the least serious prisoners, and Class III was for the most serious. Now this Document 1063(a)-PS is signed by Heydrich and it is dated the 2d of January 1941. I quote from the beginning with the word "subject," quoting:
"Subject: Classification of the concentration camps.

"The Reichsführer SS and Chief of the German Police has given his approval to classify the concentration camps into various categories, which take into account the personality of the prisoner as well as the degree of his harmfulness to the State. Accordingly, the concentration camps will be classified into the following categories:

"Category I — for all prisoners charged with minor offenses only and definitely qualified for correction; also for special cases and solitary confinement — Camps Dachau, Sachsenhausen, and Auschwitz I. The latter also applies in part to Category II.

"Category Ia — for all old prisoners conditionally qualified for work who could still be used in the medicinal herb gardens — Camp Dachau.

"Category II — for prisoners charged with major offenses but still qualified for re-education and correction — camps Buchenwald, Flossenbürg, Neuengamme, Auschwitz II.

"Category III — for prisoners under most serious charges, also for those who have been convicted previously for criminal