The Commander of the Security Police and the SD Einsatzkommando 3 Kauen, December 1, 1941 Secret Reich Matter! 5 copies 4th copy Complete tabulation of executions carried out in the Einsatzkommando 3 zone up to December 1, 1941 Take-over of the security police tasks in Lithuania by Einsatzkommando 3 on July 2, 1941 (Einsatzkommando 3 took over the Vilnius area on August 9, 1941 and the Schaulen area on October 2, 1941. Up to this time, Einsatzkommando 9 handled Vilnius and Einsatzkommando 2 handled Schaulen.) Executions carried out by Lithuanian partisans on my instructions and under my command: July 4, 41 Kauen - Fort VII - 416 Jews, 47 Jewesses 463 July 6, 41 Kauen - Fort VII - Jews 2,514 Following deployment of a raiding commando under the leadership of SS First Lieutenant Hamann and 8 to 10 reliable men from Einsatzkommando 3, the following operations were carried out in collaboration with Lithuanian partisans: July 7, 41 Mariampole Jews 32 July 8, 41 “ 14 “ and 5 Comm. functionaries 19 July 8, 41 Girkalinei Comm. functionaries 6 July 9, 41 Wendziogala 32 Jews, 2 Jewesses, 1 fem. Lithuanian 2 Lith. Comm., 1 Russ.Communist 38 July 9, 41 Kauen - Fort VII 21 Jews, 3 Jewesses 24 July 14, 41 Mariampole 21 “, 1 Russ., 9 Lith. Comm. 31 July 17, 41 Babtei 8 Comm. functionaries (of which 6 Jews) 8 July 18, 41 Mariampole 39 Jews, 14 Jewesses 53 July 19, 41 Kauen - Fort VII 17 “, 2 “, 4 Lith. Comm., 2 fem. Comm. Lithuanian, 1 Germ. Comm. 26 July 21, 41 Panevezys 59 Jews, 11 Jewesses, 1 fem. Lithuanian, 1 Pole, 22 Lith. Comm., 9 Russ. Comm. 103 July 22, 41 “ 1 Jew 1 July 23, 41 Kedainiai 83 Jews, 12 Jewesses, 14 Russ. Comm. 15 Lith. Comm., 1 Russ. O-Politruk 125 July 25, 41 Mariampole 90 Jews, 13 Jewesses 103 July 28, 41 Panevezys 234 “, 15 “ 19 Russ. Comm., 20 Lith. Comm. 288 Carry-forward 3,834 Page 2 Carry-forward 3,834 July 29, 41 Rasainai 254 Jews, 2 Lith. Communists 257 July 30, 41 Agriogala 27 “, 11 “ 38 July 31, 41 Utena 235 “, 16 Jewesses, 4 Lith. Comm. 1 repeat robber murderer 256 11/July 31, 41 Wendziogala 13 Jews, 2 murderers 15 Month of August August 1, 41 Ukmerge 254 Jews, 42 Jewesses, 1 Pol. Comm. 2 Lith. NKVD agents, 1 mayor from Jonova who gave the order to set fire to the city of Jonova 300 August 2, 41 Kauen - Fort IV 170 Jews, 1 US Jew, 1 US Jewess, 33 Jewesses, 4 Lith. Comm. 209 August 4, 41 Panevezys 362 Jews, 41 Jewesses, 5 Russ. Comm. 14 Lith. Communists 422 August 5, 41 Rasainai 213 Jews, 66 Jewesses 279 August 7, 41 Uteba 483 Jews, 87 Jewesses, 1 Lithuanian, a corpse robber of German soldiers 571 August 8, 41 Ukmerge 620 Jews, 82 Jewesses 702 August 9, 41 Kauen - Fort IV 484 “ , 50 “ 534 August 11, 41 Panevezys 450 “ , 48 “ , 1 Lith, 1 Russ. Comm. 500 August 13, 41 Alytus 617 “ , 100 “, 1 criminal 719 August 14, 41 Jonava 497 “, 55 “ 552 August 15 and 16, 41 Rokiskis 3200 Jews, Jewesses and Jewish children 5 Lith. Comm., 1 Pole, 1 partisan 3,207 August 9 To 16, 41 Rasainiai 294 Jewesses, 4 Jewish children 298 June 27 to August 14, 41 Rokiskis 493 Jews, 432 Russians, 56 Lithuanians (all active Communists) 981 August 18, 41 Kauen - Fort IV 689 Jews, 402 Jewesses, 1 fem. Pole, 711 intell. Jews from the ghetto as a reprisal for an act of sabotage 1,812 August 19, 41 Ukmerge 298 Jews, 255 Jewesses, 1 Politr., 88 Jewish children, 1 Russ. Communist 645 August 22, 41 Dόnaburg 3 Russ. Comm., 5 Latvians, among them 1 murderer, 1 Russ. Guardsman, 3 Poles 3 Gypsies, 1 fem. Gypsy, 1 Gypsy child, 1 Jew, 1 Jewess, 1 Armenian, 2 Politruks (prison inspection in Dόnaburg 21 Carry-forward 16,152 Page 3 Carry-forward 16,152 August 22, 41 Aglona Mentally ill: 269 men 227 women 48 children 544 August 23, 41 Panevezys 1312 Jews, 4602 Jewesses 1609 Jewish children 7,523 August 18 to 22, 41 Dist. Rasainiai 466 Jews, 440 Jewesses 1020 Jewish children 1,926 August 25, 41 Obeliai 112 Jews, 627 Jewesses 421 Jewish children 1,160 August 25 and 26, 41 Seduva 230 Jews, 275 Jewesses 159 Jewish children 664 August 26, 41 Zarasai 767 Jews, 1,113 Jewesses, 1 Lith. Comm. 687 Jewish children, 1 fem. Russ. Comm. 2,569 August 26, 41 Pasvalys 402 Jews, 738 Jewesses, 209 Jewish children 1,349 August 26, 41 Kaisiadorys all Jews, Jewesses, Jewish children 1,911 August 27, 41 Prienai ” “ “ “ “ 1,078 August 27, 41 Dagda and Kraslawa 212 Jews, 4 Russ. POWs 216 August 27, 41 Joniskis 47 Jews, 165 Jewesses 143 Jewish children 355 August 28, 41 Wilkia 76 Jews, 192 Jewesses 134 Jewish children 402 August 28, 41 Kedainiai 710 Jews, 767 Jewesses 599 Jewish children 2,076 August 29, 41 Rumsiskis a. Ziezmariai 20 Jews, 567 Jewesses 197 Jewish children 784 August 29, 41 Utena and Moletai 582 Jews, 1,731 Jewesses 1,469 Jewish children 3,782 August 13 To 31, 41 Alytus and Environs 233 Jews 233 Month of September: Sept. 1, 41 Mariampole 1,763 Jews, 1,812 Jewesses 1,404 Jewish children, 109 mentally ill, 1 fem. German national who was married to a Jew, 1 fem. Russian 5,090 Carry-forward 47,814 Page 4 Carry-forward 47,184 August 28 to Sept. 2, 41 Darsuniskis 10 Jews, 60 Jewesses, 20 J children 99 Carliava 73 “ 113 “ 61 “ 247 Jonava 112 “ 1200 “ 244 “ 1,556 Petrasiunai 30 “ 72 “ 23 “ 125 Jesuas 26 “ 72 “ 46 “ 144 Ariogala 207 “ 260 “ 195 “ 662 Jasvainai 86 “ 110 “ 86 “ 282 Babtei 20 “ 41 “ 22 “ 83 Wenziogala 42 “ 113 “ 97 “ 252 Krakes 448 “ 476 “ 201 “ 1,125 Sept. 4, 41 Pravenischkis 247 “ 6 “ Hetz. I.A. -Lg 253 Sept. 4, 41 Cekiske 22 “ 64 “ 60 J. children 146 Seredsius 6 “ 61 “ 126 “ 193 Velinona 2 “ 71 “ 86 “ 159 Zapiskis 47 “ 118 “ 13 “ 178 Sept. 5, 41 Ukmerge 1123 “ 1849 “ 1737 “ 4,709 Aug 25 to Sept. 6, 41 Mopping up In Rasainiai 16 “ 412 “ 415 “ 843 In Georgenburg all “ all “ all “ 412 Sept. 9, 41 Alytus 287 “ 640 “ 352 “ 1,279 Sept. 9, 41 Butrimonys 67 “ 370 “ 303 “ 740 Sept. 10, 41 Merkine 223 “ 355 “ 276 “ 854 Sept. 10, 41 Varena 541 “ 141 “ 149 “ 831 Sept. 11, 41 Leipalingis 60 “ 70 “ 25 “ 155 Sept. 11, 41 Seirijai 229 “ 384 “ 340 “ 953 Sept. 12, 41 Simnas 68 “ 197 “ 149 “ 414 Sept. 11 and 12, 41 Uzusalis Penal operation against inhabitants who fed Russ. partisans and some of whom were in possession of weapons 43 Sept. 26, 41 Kauen 412 Jews, 615 Jewesses, 581 J children 1,608 Carry-forward 66,159 Page 5 Carry-forward 66,159 Month of October Oct. 2, 41 Zagare 633 Jews, 1107 Jewesses, 496 2,236 J children (as these Jews were led away, a mutiny took place, which nonetheless was immediately put down. 7 partisans were wounded.) Oct. 4, 41 Kauen - F. IX 315 Jews, 712 Jewesses, 818 J 1,845 Children (punishment operation be- a German policeman was shot at in the ghetto) Oct. 29, 41 Kauen - F. IX 2007 Jews, 2920 Jewesses 4273 Jewish children 9,200 (cleansing of superfluous Jews from the ghetto Month of November Nov. 3, 41 Lazdijai 485 Jews, 511 Jewesses, 539 J children 1,535 Nov. 15, 41 Wilkowiski 36 “ 48 “ 31 “ 115 Nov. 25, 41 Kauen - F. IX 1159 “ 1600 “ 175 “ 2,934 (evacuees from Berlin, Munich and Frankfurt am Main) Nov. 29, 41 “ “ 693 “ 1155 “ 152 2,000 (evacuees from Vienna and Breslau) Nov. 29, 41 “ “ 17 Jews, 1 Jewess who had contravened the ghetto laws, 1 Reich German who had converted to Judaism and had attended a rabinnical school, and then 15 terrorists of the Kalinin Group 34 Component of Ein. 3 in Dόnaburg in the period from Jul 13-Azug 21, 41 9012 Jews, Jewesses and Jewish children 573 active Communists 9,585 Component of Ein. 3 in Wilna: Aug 8 to Sep. 1, 41 City of Wilna 425 Jews, 19 Jewesses, 8 Communists 9 fem. Communists 461 Sep. 2, 41 City of Wilna 864 Jews, 2019 Jewesses, 817 Jewish children (Special operation because Jews had shot at German soldiers) 3,704 Carry-forward 99,804 Page 6 Carry-forward 99,804 Sep. 12, 41 City of Wilna 993 Jews, 1670 Jewesses, 771 J child. 3,334 Sep. 17, 41 “ “ 337 „ 687 „ 247 „ 1,271 And 4 Lith. Communists Sep. 20, 41 Nemencing 128 Jews, 176 Jewesses, 99 „ 403 Sep. 22, 41 Novo-Wilejka 468 „ 495 „ 196 „ 1,159 Sep. 24, 41 Riesa 512 „ 744 „ 511 „ 1,767 Sep. 25, 41 Jahiunai 215 „ 229 „ 131 „ 575 Sep. 27, 41 Eysisky 989 „ 1636 „ 821 „ 3,446 Sep. 30, 41 Trakai 366 „ 483 „ 597 „ 1,446 Oct. 4, 41 City of Wilna 432 „ 1115 „ 436 „ 1,983 Oct. 6, 41 Semiliski 213 „ 359 „ 390 „ 962 Oct. 9, 41 Svenciany 1169 „ 1840 „ 717 „ 3,726 Oct. 16, 41 City of Wilna 382 „ 507 „ 257 „ 1,146 Oct. 21, 41 „ 718 “ 1063 „ 586 „ 2,367 Oct. 25, 41 „ - „ 1766 „ 812 „ 2,578 Oct. 27, 41 „ 946 „ 184 „ 73 „ 1,203 Oct. 30, 41 „ 382 „ 789 „ 362 „ 1,533 Nov. 6, 41 „ 340 „ 749 „ 252 „ 1,341 Nov. 19, 41 „ 76 „ 77 „ 18 „ 171 Nov. 19, 41 „ 6 prisoners of war, 8 Poles 14 Nov. 20, 41 „ 3 „ 3 Nov. 25, 41 „ 9 Jews, 46 Jewesses, 8 Jewish child- 64 ren, 1 Pole for possession of weapons and possession of other war equipment Component of Ein. 3 In Minsk From Sep 28-Oct. 17, 41: Pleschnitza, Bicholin, Scak, Bober, Uzda 620 Jews, 1285 Jewesses, 1126 J. chil- dren, and 19 Communists 3,050 _____ 133,346 Jews liquidated by pogroms and executions, not including 4,000 by partisans, before the assumption of security police tasks by Einsatzkommando 3 Total 137,346 Page 7 I can state today that the goal of solving the Jewish problem for Lithuania has been achieved by Einsatzkommando 3. In Lithuania, there are no more Jews, other than the Work Jews, including their families. They are: In Schaulen around 4,500 In Kauen “ 15,000 In Wilna “ 15,000 I also wanted to kill these Work Jews, including their families, which however brought upon me acrimonious challenges from the civil administration (the Reichskommisar) and the army and caused the prohibition: the Work Jews and their families are not to be shot! The goal of making Lithuania free of Jews could only be attained through the deployment of a raiding commando with selected men under the leadership of SS First Lieutenant Hamann, who completely and entirely adopted my goals and understood the importance of ensuring the co-operation of the Lithuanian partisans and the competent civilian positions. The implementation of such activities is primarily a question of organization. The decision to systematically make every district free of Jews necessitated an exhaustive preparation of each individual operation and reconnaissance of the prevailing circumstances in the applicable district. The Jews had to be assembled at one or several locations. Depending on the number, a place for the required pits had to be found and the pits dug. The marching route from the assembly place to the pits amounted on average to 4 to 5 kilometers. The Jews were transported to the place of execution in detachments of 500, at intervals of at least 2 kilometers. The attendant difficulties and nerve-wracking activity occasioned in doing this are shown in a randomly selected example: In Rokiskis, 3,208 people had to be transported 4.5 kilometers before they could be liquidated. To accomplish this task in 24 hours, more than 60 of the 80 available Lithuanian partisans had to be allocated for transportation and cordoning off duty. Page 8 The remainder of them, who had to be constantly replaced, carried out the work together with my men. Motor vehicles are only occasionally available. Attempts to escape, which took place every now and then, were prevented exclusively by my men at the risk of their lives. Thus, for example, three men of the commando shot down 38 escaping Jews and Communist functionaries without anyone escaping. The marching route to and from the individual operations amounted to 160-200 kilometers. Only by clever usage of the time was it possible to carry out up to five operations in a week and at the same time, to manage nonetheless the work in Kauen in such a way that no slow-down in the service work took place. The operations in Kauen itself, where reasonably sufficient trained partisans were available, can be considered as parade shootings compared to the often enormous difficulties that had to be dealt with outside. All the leaders and men of my commando in Kauen have taken part actively in the large-scale operations. Only one official from the police records department was excused from participation due to illness. I consider the Jewish operations for Einsatzkommando 3 as essentially completed. The still available Work Jews and female Work Jews are urgently required and I can foresee that post-Winter, this manpower will still be most urgently required. I am of the view that sterilization of the male Work Jews should begin immediately to prevent reproduction. Should a Jewess nonetheless become pregnant, she is to be liquidated. One of the most important tasks of Einsatzkommando 3, besides the Jewish operations, was the inspection of the mostly overcrowded prisons in the individual locations and cities. On average, in every city in the district, there were 600 people of Lithuanian affiliation in prison, although there was no actual reason for their incarceration. They were taken into custody because of simple denunciations, etc. by partisans. Several personal accounts were settled in this way. Nobody looked after them. One ought to have been in the Page 9 prisons and spent a minute in the overcrowded cells, which, in respect to hygiene, defied description. In Jonova - and this is one example of many - 16 men, all of whom could have been set free since there was nothing to bring against them, sat for 5 weeks in a dreary cellar room 3 meters long, 3 meters wide and 1.65 meters high. Girls aged 13 to 16 were locked up because they, in order to get work, had applied for admission to the Communist youth. Here it was necessary, through drastic measures, to hammer the proper sense of direction into the heads of the responsible Lithuanian circles. The inhabitants of the prison were assembled in the prison courtyard and checked on the basis of lists and documentation. Those who as a result of harmless offences had been locked up for no reason were assembled in a special group. Those whom we sentenced to 1-3 and 6 months because of their offences were also specially set off, as were those who were to be liquidated, such as criminals, Communist functionaries, politruks and other such riffraff. In addition to the announced punishment, some, according to the offence, especially Communist functionaries, received 10 to 40 lashes with the whip, which were meted out immediately. After completion of the examination, the prisoners were led back to their cells. Those who were to be let free were led in a platoon to the marketplace and there, after a short speech in the presence of many inhabitants, let go. The speech had the following content (it was translated sentence by sentence by an interpreter into Lithuanian and Russian): “If we were Bolshevists, we would have shot you, but because we are Germans, we give you your freedom.” Then followed a severe admonition to abstain from all political activity, to report to the German authorities any hostile activities that came to their attention and to intensively and immediately occupy themselves in reconstruction, especially in agriculture. Should one of them again be found guilty of an offence, he would be shot. Then they were released. One cannot imagine the joy, gratitude and enthusiasm that our measures triggered in those who were freed and in the population. We often had to deflate the enthusiasm with sharp words, when women, children and men with tear-filled eyes sought to kiss our hands and feet. Signed Jδger SS-Colonel ABBREVIATIONS Comm. Communist Ein. Einsatzkommando Fem. Female Germ. German Intell. Intellectual J Jewish Lith Lithuanian Polit Politruk (which itself is an abbreviation for politicheski rukovoditel [political instruction]) Russ Russian